When you eat the foods, it goes into your stomach through the straight muscular tube which is called the esophagus. This esophagus connects the throat with the stomach. Gastric glands present in the stomach create acid which helps to digest food in your stomach. But, when these gastric glands create more acid than required for digestion, it can lead to a burning sensation below the breastbone. This burning sensation is called acidity or acid reflux.
The lower esophageal sphincter(LES) is a valve located at the entrance to your stomach and it closes as soon as food passes through it. If the LES doesn’t close or if it opens too often, acid produced by gastric glands can move up into your esophagus. This condition can cause burning chest discomfort which is called heartburn. You may feel heartburn mostly while facing the acidity.
If symptoms of reflux occur more than twice a week, you may have acid reflux disease, or This also called gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). This type of disease or I can say Chronic acidity may lead to serious problems that include: esophagus damage and risk of esophagus cancer.
If you want to prevent yourself from acid reflux, you need to read this article. In this article, I’m gonna tell you about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of acid reflux.
Common Symptoms of Acid reflux
Here are some of the common symptoms which are mostly responsible for acidity. Take a look at the below symptoms:
- A burning sensation in the chest (heartburn), usually after eating and at night.
- Regurgitation of food or liquid
- Chest pain
- Bloody vomiting
- Hiccups that don’t let up.
- The sensation of a lump in the throat.
- Chronic cough
- Disrupted sleep
Causes of Acid reflux
- Consumption of certain foods such as fatty or spicy foods, chocolate, mint, garlic, onions, etc.
- Drinking beverages that trigger heartburn – Such as coffee and alcohol.
- Eating a heavy meal and lying on your back.
- Lying down right after a meal or eating just before bed.
- Being overweight
- Some medicines such as aspirin, ibuprofen, certain muscle relaxers, blood pressure medications that prompt symptoms of Acid reflux.
Treatment with diet and lifestyle changes
Diet and lifestyle changes often begin with what to avoid. And these may include things that trigger symptoms. So always try to follow the below tips:
- Eat small meals frequently in a day.
- Change your diet plan and add foods that generate less acid or help to avoid acid production.
- Quit smoking
- Eat at least 4 hours before bedtime.
- If you’re overweight, change your diet plan and lose some weight.
- Do exercise regularly.
- If you are taking some medication that triggers your symptoms, consult your doctor about it.
- Avoid foods and beverages that trigger heartburn.
Treatment under doctor concerns
In many cases, only changes in lifestyle and diet are not enough to prevent Acid reflux. At that time, you should consult your doctor for some medication. Your doctor may suggest you try a combination of medications such as:
- Foaming agents coat your stomach and prevent reflux.
- H2 blockers decrease acid production.
- Proton pump inhibitors reduce the amount of acid your stomach makes.
- Prokinetic help strengthens the LES, empty your stomach faster, and reduce acid reflux.
Sometimes even medications don’t help, so in those cases, you need to ask your doctor about your serious symptoms. The doctor could recommend surgery. So, you can go with the surgery and can heal your heartburn.